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文献信息

Phenolic composition and antioxidant activity of different morphological parts of Cynara cardunculus L. var. altilis (DC)

期刊名:IND CROP PROD.
文献编号:
文献地址: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669014004750
发表日期:November 2014

Phenolic composition and antioxidant activity of different morphological parts of Cynara cardunculus L. var. altilis (DC)

Patrícia A.B. Ramos, Sónia A.O. Santos, ?ngela R. Guerra, Olinda Guerreiro,Carmen S.R. Freire, Sílvia M. Rocha, Maria F. Duarte, Armando J.D. Silvestre , 

?Abstract

The phenolic composition of Cynara cardunculus L. var. altilis (DC) from south of Portugal was determined by analyzing the methanol/water/acetic acid (49.5:49.5:1) extracts of the different morphological parts of the plant, through high temperature-ultra high pressure liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. From the twenty-eight phenolic compounds identified, eriodictyol hexoside was described for the first time in C. cardunculus L., and 1,4-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid, naringenin 7-O-glucoside, naringenin rutinoside, naringenin, luteolin acetyl-hexoside and apigenin acetyl-hexoside as cardoon components. Stalks outer part and capitula florets showed the highest hydroxycinnamic acids and flavonoids contents, respectively. Capitula receptacle and bracts, and stalks inner part also presented considerably high hydroxycinnamic acids contents, while leaves were rich in flavonoids. Finally, stalks outer part and capitula receptacle and bracts extracts showed the highest antioxidant activity which was in perfect tune with the phenolic compounds, particularly to hydroxycinnamic acids. These results clearly demonstrate the potential of this crop as a source of antioxidant phenolic compounds.

1,5-Di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (≥98 purity) was obtained from
Biopurify (Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd., Chengdu, China)

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